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Vitamins And Their Functions In The Body

Amidst the polluting environment with adulterated food availability, living a healthy lifestyle has become difficult. When you listen to your body and fuel it with all the necessary nutrients, you keep up with your good health. The right amount of nutrients in your body lets you stay energized and nourished. The necessary vitamins and supplements complement the nutrients you draw from your diet, and it helps you come closer to your health and wellness goals. 

Being an essential and integral part of your diet, the vitamins improve the functioning of your body, while their deficiency may lead to various diseases. To observe the symptoms of vitamin deficiency, get the diagnosis done in the best diagnostic centre, and keep your health in check. 

If you are unaware of what vitamins do to your body, let’s take you through this detailed article. 

Types of Essential Vitamins 

There are 13 types of vitamins in your body that serve an individual purpose to keep your body functioning better and more effectively. 

  • Fat-Soluble Vitamins 

Vitamin A, D, E, and K fall in the category of fat-soluble vitamins. The fatty tissues and the liver are the storage for these types of vitamins in your body. 

  • Water-Soluble Vitamins

Vitamin B and C fall in the category of water-soluble vitamins. Unlike fat-soluble vitamins, these vitamins can’t be stored in your body for a long time. Being water-soluble, these vitamins get off your body through urination, which is why there is a higher requirement for consuming these vitamins. 

Here is the compilation of all the vitamins, their functioning, and the sources: 

  • Vitamin A 

Vitamin A is also referred to as retinol or retinal. Being fat-soluble, it is stored in the body in enough amounts. If you are vitamin-A deficient, it causes night blindness and keratomalacia. If it is not reached in your body in an adequate amount, it causes the front layer of the eye to get dry and cloudy. 

To keep your vision and eye health at their best, consume some rich sources of vitamins, such as carrots, broccoli, sweet potatoes, butter, spinach, pumpkins, cheese, eggs, or milk. 

  • Vitamin B1 

Vitamin B1 has its chemical name thiamine, and this is a water-soluble vitamin that requires frequent consumption. The deficiency of vitamin B1 causes beriberi and Wernicke-korsakoff syndrome. It is responsible for producing different enzymes that split the blood sugar to give your body sufficient energy. 

If you want to keep your body energized, yeast, pork, cereal grains, sunflower seeds, brown rice, cauliflower, potatoes, oranges, eggs, and kale contain vitamin B1 in a rich quantity. 

  • Vitamin B2 

Also known as riboflavin, vitamin B2 helps grow and develop body cells. Also, it is responsible for metabolizing food in the body. If this vitamin isn’t present in a sufficient amount, it causes inflammation in the lips and fissures in your mouth. To deal with the deficiency, include asparagus, bananas, chard, cottage cheese, milk, yogurt, egg, green beans, and fish in your diet. 

  • Vitamin B3  

This vitamin also owns the names niacin and niacinamide. Your body uses niacin to grow body cells and function effectively, keeping up your sound health. The deficiency of vitamin B3 may cause diarrhea, intestinal upset, and skin ailments. 

The sources of vitamin B3 include chicken, beef, eggs, salmon, milk, tomatoes, leafy vegetables, carrots, nuts, tofu, or lentils. 

  • Vitamin B5 

Vitamin B5 has a chemical name, pantothenic acid. Vitamin B5 contributes to the production of energy and hormones to keep up with your day’s work. The deficiency of this vitamin is rare, and fatigue, insomnia, depression, irritability, burning feet, and upper respiratory infections are some common symptoms. 

Add meats, whole grains, broccoli, avocados, and yogurt to enrich your diet with this vitamin. 

  • Vitamin B6 

Vitamin B6  has the chemical names pyridoxine, pyridoxamine, and pyridoxal and is vital to form red blood cells in the body. In case of vitamin B6 deficiency, you are more likely to get anemia and peripheral neuropathy. Chickpeas, beef liver, bananas, squash, and nuts are some excellent sources of vitamin B6.

  • Vitamin B7 

Vitamin B7 is also called biotin. It facilitates the metabolism of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates for proper functioning. It also promotes good skin, nail, and hair health. Inflammation of the intestines is a common cause of its deficiency. Egg yolk, liver, broccolini, spinach, and cheese are good sources of this vitamin. 

  • Vitamin B9

Known as folic acid or folinic acid, vitamin B9 is responsible for forming DNA and RNA. The deficiency of this vitamin affects the health of the fetus during pregnancy. To suffice your body with vitamin B9, intake of leafy vegetables, peas, legumes, and sunflower seeds is beneficial. 

  • Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 has the chemical names cyanocobalamin, hydroxocobalamin, and methylcobalamin. It keeps your nervous system healthy and properly functioning, and neurological and anemia may result from its deficiency. Its good sources are fish, eggs, milk, soy products, cereals, and nutritional yeast. 

  • Vitamin C

Chemically known as ascorbic acid, this vitamin contributes to wound healing and bone formation. Moreover, it acts as an antioxidant for your body. If you become vitamin C deficient, scurvy (gum bleeding), teeth loss, and poor growth of your tissue may be caused due to its deficiency. Fruits and vegetables are good sources of this vitamin. 

  • Vitamin D

Vitamin D is given the chemical names ergocalciferol and cholecalciferol. The adequacy of this vitamin is essential for healthy bone mineralization. The deficiency of Vitamin D may cause rickets, osteomalacia, or the softening of your bones. Sunrays, fatty fish, eggs, and mushrooms contain a rich quantity. 

  • Vitamin E 

Tocopherol and tocotrienol are the chemical names of vitamin E. Having the antioxidant property, it prevents the risk of widespread inflammation and several diseases. Its deficiency may cause hemolytic anemia in newborns. The sources of vitamin E include wheat germ, kiwis, almonds, eggs, nuts, green leafy vegetables, and vegetable oils. 

  • Vitamin K 

Vitamin K is known by the chemical names phylloquinone and menaquinone. This vitamin is required for blood clotting in your body, and in case of deficiency, it may cause bleeding diathesis. Natto, leafy green vegetables, pumpkins, figs, and parsley are some excellent sources of Vitamin K. 

Wrapping Up  

Proteins, vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, and fats make up for the healthy functioning of your body. The deficiency and the excess of the vitamins may disrupt the functioning of the organs in your body. To get your diagnosis with accurate test results, reach out to Lupin Diagnostics, the best diagnostic centre. With a team of professionals, they perform adequate testing of the samples using advanced facilities. Stop searching for the best pathology labs near me? Contact them today!

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